International Advisory Board

Professor Robert Brandom

Distinguished Professor of Philosophy at the University of Pittsburgh
Professor Robert Brandom Robert Brandom is Distinguished Professor of Philosophy at the University of Pittsburgh. He works on the philosophy of language, the philosophy of mind, and the philosophy of logic, on German idealism and neo-pragmatism, and on Wilfrid Sellars. His most important books are Making It Explicit (Harvard, 1994) and Between Saying and Doing: Towards an Analytic Pragmatism (Oxford, 2008). His most recent books are Perspectives on Pragmatism (Harvard, 2011) and Reason in Philosophy (Harvard, 2009). He published in 2014 Wiedererinnerter Idealismus, from Suhrkamp, and From Empiricism to Expressivism: Brandom Reads Sellars, from Harvard. Professor Brandom has given the John Locke lectures at Oxford, the Hempel lectures at Princeton, the Howison and Townsend lectures at Berkeley, a William James lecture at Harvard, and the Woodbridge lectures at Columbia. He has held fellowships at the Centre for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford and at All Souls College Oxford. In 2002 he was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and in 2004 he received the Distinguished Achievement in the Humanities Award from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Professor David Chalmers

Distinguished Professor of Philosophy
Professor David Chalmers David Chalmers is Distinguished Professor of Philosophy and director of the Centre for Consciousness at ANU, and Professor of Philosophy and co-director of the Centre for Mind, Brain, and Consciousness at NYU. He works in the philosophy of mind and in related areas of philosophy and cognitive science. He is especially interested in consciousness, but he is also interested in all sorts of other issues in the philosophy of mind and language, metaphysics and epistemology, and the foundations of cognitive science.

Professor Tim Crane

Knightbridge Professor of Philosophy at the University of Cambridge
Professor Tim Crane Tim Crane is Knightbridge Professor of Philosophy at the University of Cambridge and a fellow of Peterhouse, Cambridge. Before coming to Cambridge he taught at UCL and founded the Institute of Philosophy in the University of London in 2005 ( He is the philosophy consultant editor of the TLS and the general editor of the Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Tim Crane has attempted to understand the nature of the human mind in the most general, abstract and comprehensive way. He has defended a conception of the mind which rejects both scientistic reductionism and the idea that philosophy should be insulated from science. Crane has argued that the essential feature of the mind is what the phenomenologists called ‘intentionality’ — the mind’s direction on the world, or its representational power — and that consciousness should be understood in terms of intentionality. The mind-body problem, as Crane conceives is, is the empirical-philosophical problem of understanding how our mental, intentional capacities are embodied in our brains and bodies.

Professor Pascal Engel

Directeur d'études at the Ecole des Hautes études en sciences sociales - Paris
Professor Pascal Engel Professor Pascal Engel is directeur d'études at the Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales (Paris). He has written on the philosophy of logic, philosophy of language and on the philosophy of mind. He is currently working on issues in epistemology, especially the epistemology of belief and epistemic norms. He is also interested in theories of truth. Among his books: The Norm of truth (1991), Davidson et la philosophie du langage (1994), Introduction à la philosophie de l’esprit (1994), Philosophie et psychologie (1996), La dispute (1997), Truth (2002), Ramsey , Truth and Success (with Jérôme Dokic, 2002), A quoi bon la vérité ? (with R. Rorty, 2005), Va savoir! (2007) and as editor Inquiries into Meaning and Truth (1991, with N. Cooper), Précis de philosophie analytique (2000), and Believing and accepting (2000).

Professor Jaegwon Kim

William Herbert Perry Faunce Professor of Philosophy at Brown University
Professor Jaegwon Kim Jaegwon Kim is William Herbert Perry Faunce Professor of Philosophy at Brown University. His areas of interest and specialisation include philosophy of mind, metaphysics, action theory, epistemology, and philosophy of science. His current work focuses on physicalism, reduction and reductionism, mental causation, and emergence. The specific topics of his current research include: arguments for/against physicalism, substance dualism, overdetermination and the exclusion argument, agency and self-knowledge, subjectivity and normativity in agency, laws and explanation in the special sciences, and philosophical naturalism.

Professor Joëlle Proust

Director or Research at C.N.R.S. (National Centre for Scientific Research) - Institut Jean-Nicod, Paris
Professor Joëlle Proust Joëlle Proust is a French philosopher working in Paris at Institut Jean-Nicod. A researcher at CNRS from 1976 to 2012, she has initially studied the history and the philosophy of logic. Her first book, Questions of form (1986, 1989) was awarded the bronze medal of CNRS. It deals with the specific conceptions and roles attributed to analytic propositions by authors ranging from Kant to Carnap. She then turned to the philosophy of mind: intentionality and animal cognition (Comment l'Esprit vient aux Bêtes, 1997, Les animaux pensent-ils? 2003), agency and personal identity (La Nature de la Volonté, 2005). From 2006 to 2009, she directed an ESF-funded, Eurocore research program on the evolution of metacognition (co-edited book: Foundations of Metacognition, 2012). Since 2011, she has been conducting an ERC-funded research aiming to provide a naturalistic account of sensitivity to epistemic norms in children and adults from different cultures. In her Philosophy of metacognition (2013) and later articles, she has explored the relations of metacognition to cognitive agency, the nature of epistemic norms, and the joint role of emotions and beliefs in epistemic evaluation.

Professor Linda Zagzegski

Kingfisher College Chair of the Philosophy of Religion and Ethics at the University of Oklahoma
Professor Linda Zagzegski Linda Zagzebski is Kingfisher College Chair of the Philosophy of Religion and Ethics at the University of Oklahoma. She works on a variety of issues in the philosophy of religion, epistemology, virtue ethics, and the problems of fatalism. Her current project is a book on Exemplarist Virtue Theory, a form of virtue ethics based on direct reference to moral exemplars.